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Importance of Topographic Surveys The land survey that almost all individuals are aware of, a survey marking the boundaries of a little piece land is just one of a variety of types of land surveys. A topographic land survey works extremely well for homeowners or those within the construction industry or environmental industry. The purpose of the topographic land survey is to identify all the natural and artificial features of the land. These features can include slopes, ravines, channels, bushes, walls, structures, along with other changes within the natural condition of the land. This survey also identifies the place, dimension, and vertical height of these features and the gradual changes in altitude. Topographic surveys are occasionally known as contour studies, and they are usually performed before land ownership changes or may be when the property owner wants to do some developments. Unlike border or residential area surveys, a topographic land survey focuses more on heights than on horizontal measurements. The instruments that most engineers use for this study are the surveying quality GPS device and the electronic EDM instrument. The outcomes of the study are not designated with stakes or some other landmarks as with almost other types of land survey. Instead, they are introduced as contour lines on the maps of an area to show altitude. Nowadays, advancement in technology allows the use of digital computers and programs for digital conversion of maps and interactive elevation display of the land. The data may be used in AutoCAD programs, where it could be controlled by designers or engineers to show the way the topography will transform through the planned changes. There are many uses of a topographical land survey. In some cases, they may be required by the government. Many engineers and architects use these surveys to come up with buildings and further modifications on an existing property because the current features on a land influence style and decisions on where to build a structure on land. All construction jobs begin with this kind of topographic property study, which explains the start off point of the land.
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Topographic surveys may also be used when deciding the proper policy for drainage ditches, grading, or other features, utilizing the natural topology as the basis of such changes. From the survey, you will determine any slopes within the land which can influence any construction plans and usually 8-degree slope is suitable for construction while a slope that exceeds that will have high requires during construction thus being expensive. A topographic survey is, therefore, essential before the commencement of any building works.
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Besides undeveloped land or developed land, this kind of land survey is also beneficial if the place has been used, but there is intended redeveloped. For instance, a topographic survey is necessary where a building has been demolished, a quarry land, landfill or another place where activities on land may lead to topographical changes. A topographic survey provides a precise display of how the activities on the land have influenced the topography and help in the better planning of land use.

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